Guinea announces Level 2 Practice Enhanced polio precautions
The same alert has also been issued Mali, Madagascar and Ukraine.
In light of the new case in Guinea, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that anyone traveling to Guinea receive complete vaccinations for polio. Adults who already have polio vaccinations should also consider receiving a single lifetime boost dose of the vaccine.
Polio, which is caused by a virus, infects a person’s nervous system. It spreads via person-to-person contact, and raw or undercooked foods and drinks that are contaminated with an infected person’s feces.
The majority of people who contract the virus don’t report feeling ill. Others report having only fever, nausea, exhaustion, nasal congestion, headache, pain in the limbs, a sore throat, cough and stiffness in the back and neck. It is rare, but polio can permanently paralyze its victims. Sometimes it can infect the brain or cause the muscles for breathing to stop working, causing the victim to die.
To guarantee safety from the disease, the CDC recommends washing hands often, practicing cleanliness and hygiene, using hand sanitizer, covering noses and mouths when sneezing, avoiding touching nose, eyes or mouth and avoiding any close contact with a person who is infected.