HPV vaccine required in only two U.S. states

HPV vaccine required in only two U.S. states
HPV vaccine required in only two U.S. states | Courtesy of
A recent evaluation of state vaccination requirements for teenagers has discovered that only two states in the U.S. require the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine.

This is a significant decrease when compared with the number of states that require vaccines for hepatitis B and meningococcal conjugate.

It has been eight years since the U.S. first began to recommend HPV vaccines. Since that time, vaccination coverage is far under the Healthy People 2020 target that amounts to 80 percent. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and prevention (CDC), only 38 percent of adolescent girls received all three doses of the HPV vaccines in 2013. Only 145 of adolescent boys received all three HPV vaccine doses for 2013.

Health professionals urge doctors and parents to see the HPV vaccines as the same as regular, routine, recommended vaccines.

"Why HPV vaccine requirements have not been more widely implemented is unclear, but may reflect reluctance among states to revisit the contentious political climate surrounding requirement proposals in 2006-2007,” the authors of the study wrote. “The novelty of the 3-dose HPV vaccine series in the adolescent schedule may present additional challenges. The recent approval and recommendation of a 9-valent HPV vaccine offers a new opportunity to consider all strategies shown to promote high vaccination rates, including school requirements.”

Further details are available in the JAMA issue from July 14, 2015.

Organizations in this Story

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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