The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently received new reports that there are Shigella infections from the Shigella strains that are not susceptible to the common antimicrobial agents (ciprofloxacin and azithromycin) used to treat the infections.
Many of these cases have been confirmed among people who are bisexual, gay or live in communities of men who have sex with other men in Minnesota, Illinois and Montana. There have also been reports of these infections in international travelers. Some cases have also been reported in other communities.
Shigellosis is highly contagious and rapidly spreads in various segments of communities and populations. To prevent contracting the illness, health professionals from the CDC recommend thoroughly and frequently washing hands as well as similar hygiene habits. People with shigellosis symptoms, including fever and diarrhea, should report to their health care providers as soon as possible.
Health care providers will collect stool cultures from patients with shigellosis, choose drug treatments depending on the results of the antimicrobial susceptibility test results, and counsel patients about the best ways to prevent shigellosis transmission. Further information about clinical management recommendations, counseling, follow-up visits, general prevention methods for various community groups, and other recent outbreaks of the illness can be found in online resources.