Refusing tuberculosis treatment increases the risk of its spreading

Refusing TB treatment increases chances of TB spreading
Refusing TB treatment increases chances of TB spreading | Courtesy of
A recent study shows that refusing to adhere to tuberculosis (TB) treatments may increase the risks of spreading TB, raise the development of drug resistant TB and threaten the success of TB treatments in the future.

The study determined how non-adherence to anti-TB treatment in Shenzhen, China, has impacted the lives of internal migrants with pulmonary TB. The researchers analyzed the various risk factors and identified intervention targets for these non-adherence practices.

The study involved a sum of 794 internal migrants who had TB. They had previously received treatments at Bao’an Hospital for Chronic Disease Prevention and Cure, which is based in Shenzhen.

The researchers used structured questionnaires for data collection. The questions discussed the patients’ experiences and history involving treatments for TB. The research team then used an ordinal logistic regression modal to determine which risk factors correlated with non-adherence to the TB treatments.

The results showed that the number of patients who had missed a single dose of TB medication within the past two weeks amounted to 11.71 percent, or 93 out of 794 patients. Patients who had missed a minimum of two doses of TB medication within the past two weeks was 21.03 percent, or 167 out of 794 patients. The total number of patients who did not adhere to TB treatment at all amounted to 33.74 percent.

The researchers concluded that non-adherence to TB treatments is common for internal migrants who have TB. The patients were more likely to miss medication doses if they were not educated about TB treatments or had to travel far to receive treatments.