Red Sea State, Sudan, experiences dengue fever outbreak

A total of 738 cases of dengue fever have been reported in Red Sea State, Sudan, as of Tuesday, resulting in six deaths.

Fifty-seven new suspected cases were reported in Port Sudan and Tokar from June 16-17.

Dengue fever symptoms include mild fever to high fever, pain behind the eyes, bleeding manifestations, rash and pain in muscles and joints. Symptoms occur 3-14 days after being infected by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with any one of the four dengue viruses.

Control measures are being implemented by Sudan's Federal Ministry of Health, State Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization. The groups are strengthening their surveillance system, working to control vector activity, improving case management and improving diagnosis. The public is encouraged to avoid mosquito bites when in areas hit by the outbreak.

The Italian Cooperation, UNICEF, Sudanese Red Crescent Society and community organizations are also involved in controlling the disease.

The Red Sea State has a history of dengue fever infection, with a severe outbreak occurring in 2010.

Dengue fever virus is an RNA virus in the Flaviviridae family and Flavivirus genus. Other members of the genus include West Nile virus, yellow fever virus and tick-borne encephalitis virus.