WHO reports new confirmed cases of cholera in Mexico

The World Health Organization announced on Wednesday that four additional cases of cholera were reported in Mexico, bring the total confirmed cases of cholera to 180 since a cholera outbreak began in September 2013.

The outbreak was caused by the Vibrio cholera O:1 Ogawa bacteria, thought to be similar to a strain currently responsible for the outbreaks in Haiti, Cuba and the Dominican Republic. This is the first sustained indigenous case of cholera transmission in Mexico since the 1991-2001 outbreak.

The majority of the confirmed cases, 159, are from the State of Hidalgo; two cases are from the Federal District, two cases are from San Luis Potosi, nine cases are from the State of Mexico and eight cases are from the State of Veracruz. Of the total cases, 88 are male and 92 are female. The outbreak has affected persons ranging from three months old to 88 years old.

The WHO recommends travelers to Mexico receive the oral cholera vaccine, make themselves aware of preventative hygiene practices and seek medical advice before traveling. The WHO also recommends that physicians in the EU consider cholera an appropriate diagnosis for travelers returning from Mexico with symptoms congruent with a cholera infection. The WHO asks that any newly confirmed cases be reported to public health authorities.