First case of West Nile fever reported in EU/EEA

The first human case of West Nile fever this year in the European Union and European Economic Area was reported this week in Greece in the eastern part of the Attiki region.

Attiki had the highest number of cases of West Nile fever in 2012, with a total of 45 of 161 cases across the EU, although its population is small with only 4 million people. The other 116 cases from 2012 were reported in Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Italy and Romania.

The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control updates a map weekly which conveys the geographic location of cases of West Nile fever as they occur in the E.U. and neighboring countries, compared to data from previous years. The map is posted every Friday on the ECDC website.

The maps are created to help authorities on blood safety, responsible for supporting the enforcement of blood safety regulations to control the transmission of the West Nile virus, track the virus. EU Member States are responsible for implementing control measures to prevent a West Nile outbreak, using updated information about the progression of the virus and the areas affected by the virus.

The outbreaks of 2013 will continue to be tracked and updated as cases occur.