Monkey model developed by NIH scientists to research coronavirus infection
The coronavirus was first identified in September 2012 and has been known to affect people. The virus infected 17 people in the Middle East and Europe, killing 11 of the 17.
NIH scientists made a nonhuman primate model in December 2012 after getting samples of the coronavirus from collaborators at Erasmus Medical Center in the Netherlands. They are using the model to study the virus and to evaluate antiviral treatments and potential vaccines.
The model has already shown the scientists some information. They have learned that clinical signs of the coronavirus, such as elevated temperature, reduced appetite, cough, hunched posture, goose bumps and increased respiratory rate, appear within 24 hours of infection. NIH scientists are now looking at whether the virus' position in the lower respiratory tract hurts its ability to spread.
The NIH, the nation's medical research agency, has 27 institutes and Centers. It is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH conducts and supports basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases.