Nigeria faces mounting malaria burden

Nigeria, with an estimated population of 160 million people and more than 300,000 deaths from malaria each year, has the largest malaria burden of any country in the world.

Nigeria's malaria burden has captured the attention of developing nations worldwide, leading to attempts to find long-lasting solutions to the disease that kills both adults and children, according to the Nigerian Tribune.

The rise of malaria in Nigeria has led to the creation of many non-governmental organizations, including the Compassionate Women Initiatives. The primary goal of the CWI is to reduce the mortality rate from malaria and to empower the underprivileged in society.

CWI attributes the spread of malaria to ignorance and the prevailing economic situation in the country, the Nigerian Times reports.

Malaria deaths could be prevented if more Nigerians had access to the best medical facilities, Evangelist Mary Olasupo, CWI's president, said, according to the Nigerian Times.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3.3 billion people live in areas that are at risk of malaria transmission in 109 countries and territories. Thirty-five countries account for 98 percent of global malaria deaths. The World Health Organization estimates that malaria caused 190 to 311 million clinical episodes and 708,000 to 1,003,000 deaths in 2008 .
Malaria is the fifth cause of death from infectious diseases worldwide after respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases and tuberculosis. Malaria is the second leading cause of death from infectious diseases in Africa after HIV/AIDS.