Mosquitoes spread West Nile Virus each year, and now New Mexico is one of the few states that has reported human cases of West Nile Virus during this year’s rainy season.
The New Mexico Department of Health confirmed the state’s first case of West Nile virus in May 2015. The patient is a 12-year-old who lives in Valencia County.
In 2014, there were 24 West Nile virus cases in New Mexico, three of which were in Dona Ana County.
Other states that have reported new human cases of the virus include Oklahoma, Texas and Kansas. Many of these cases are related to the large quantity of rain that these states have experienced this year.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that it is crucial for people to understand West Nile virus and understand how to avoid contracting it. When the mosquitoes take blood from infected birds, they become infected with the virus, and then they transmit the infection to other animals and to humans. People most at risk for contracting the disease are 50 years old and above.
As of today, there are not any available treatments or vaccines for West Nile virus.