The Hong Kong Department of Health's Centre for Health Protection said on Wednesday that cases of measles have increased in number in Hong Kong and neighboring areas, and it is closely monitoring the activity.
CHP said data has shown an increase of measles cases in Hong Kong since September. A total of 38 cases were reported in 2013. In 2014, 16 cases have been reported, affecting five males and 11 females.
CHP said cases of measles have been high in surrounding areas, including the Mainland, Singapore, Japan and the Philippines. A total of 27,646 cases were reported in 2013 in the Mainland, and 6,161 have been reported in 2014.
"Immunization against measles is the most effective way to prevent the disease," a CHP spokesperson said. "Non-immune individuals are advised to consult their doctors about measles vaccination, which is usually given together with mumps and rubella vaccines."
Symptoms of measles include high fever, runny nose, cough, red and watery eyes and white dots inside of the mouth. After several days, a rash appears on the face and upper neck, and spreads to hands and feet.
Measles is transferred from person to person by airborne droplet spread or direct contact with nasal or throat secretions. An infected patient can pass the disease to another person up to four days before and four days after a skin rash appears.
CHP encouraged members of the public who have not received the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine to see their healthcare provider.