FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2016

Mexico announces five new cases of cholera

The Ministry of Health in Mexico announced on Monday an additional five cases of Vibrio cholera O1 Ogawa toxigenic.

All five cases are reported to be in the geographic area of la Huasteca, where the availability of drinking water and basic sanitation services are limited.

The Institute of Epidemiological Diagnostics and Reference have conducted antimicrobial susceptibility tests for the bacterium. The tests concluded the bacterium was susceptible to doxycycline and chloramphenicol, reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin and resistance to trimethorprim/sulfamethoxazole.

Health authorities in Mexico continue to ensure the availability and quality of care in medical units as well as strengthen outbreak investigation and surveillance at the national level. Awareness campaigns about safe water and food consumption are being facilitated in Spanish and indigenous languages.

A total 176 confirmed cases, including one death, have been reported in Mexico since Sept. 9. Of these, two are from the Federal District, 157 from the state of Hidalgo, nine from the state of Mexico, two from the state of San Luis Potosi and six from the state of Veracruz. Eighty-nine of the cases are women and 87 are men. Fifty-seven cases have been hospitalized.

Since the 1991-2001 cholera epidemics in Mexico, this is the first local transmission of cholera.