THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 2016

Significant reductions in new HIV infections among children since 2001

The Joint U.N. Programme on HIV/AIDS released a report on Monday showing a dramatic reduction in new HIV infections among children since 2001.

The 2013 UNAIDS Report on the global AIDS epidemic found that new HIV infections among children dropped to 260,000 in 2012, a 52 percent reduction since 2001. New HIV infections among adults and children dropped 33 percent since 2001 to 2.3 million in 2012.

HIV treatment was also way up, growing close to 20 percent between 2011 and 2012, increasing to 9.7 million people in low- and middle-income countries accessing antiretroviral therapy. In 2011, U.N. Member States agreed to a 2015 target of reaching 15 million people with treatment for HIV.

"Not only can we meet the 2015 target of 15 million people on HIV treatment-we must also go beyond and have the vision and commitment to ensure no one is left behind," Michel Sidibé, the executive director of UNAIDS, said.

While donor funding for HIV remained around the same as 2008 levels, domestic spending on HIV grew, accounting for 53 percent of global HIV resources in 2012. The total global resources available for HIV in 2012 were estimated at $18.9 billion, $3 billion to $5 billion short of the $22 billion to $24 billion estimated to be needed annually by 2015.

The report also found that progress was slow in making sure human rights were respected in securing access to HIV services for at-risk groups, including drug users. UNAIDS said punitive laws, gender inequality and discriminatory actions continue to restrict national responses to HIV and concerted efforts are required to address such obstacles.