SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 2016

CDC finds adenovirus cases related to EKC outbreak

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released a report on August 16 that stated six cases of human adenovirus in four states were reported and linked to an epidemic keratoconjunctivitis outbreak.

The six cases of adenovirus were reported in Florida, Illinois, Minnesota and New Jersey between 2008 and 2010. The outbreaks lead to community transmission, increased morbidity and cost and the temporary closing of several neonatal intensive-care units; health-care-associated transmission was reported in each case.

The CDC asked that new cases of EKC be reported to the local or state health department. The CDC also recommended health care facilities adhere to basic infection control measures and enhanced control measures for potential outbreaks to prevent human adenovirus cases.

EKC is one of the most common causes of eye infections, typically occurring in various health care settings or out in the community. The infection is highly contagious and a single case can spread from person to person for months. The most common ophthalmologic ways to transmission are tonometry, slit lamp examinations, contact lens placement and coming into contact with an infected physician.

Symptoms of EKC include a sandy feeling in the eyes, watery discharge, photophobia, redness, keratitis and subepithelial infiltrates in the cornea. A person is contagious a few days before developing symptoms and 14 days following the onset of symptoms.

There is currently no vaccine or drug available to treat EKC.