Health officials confirm second measles case in Seminole County, Florida
County epidemiologists notified any and all health facilities the patient visited during his infectious period. Officials urged individuals to get the vaccination and said adults born after 1957 should get at least one dose of measles vaccine. Individuals who already had measles or the vaccine are immune, ClickOrlando.com reports.
Children can be immunized against measles with the combination MMR vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella. Children should receive two doses of the vaccine with the first at 12 to 15 months of age. The second dose is recommended for between four and six years of age.
Measles symptoms usually start seven to 14 days following exposure to someone with measles. Symptoms include blotchy rash, malaise, conjunctivitis, runny nose, cough, fever and Koplik's spots, according to ClickOrlando.com.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Measles is a respiratory disease caused by a virus that typically grows in the cells lining the back of the throat and lungs. The disease is nearly gone from the United States, though it kills approximately 200,000 people around the world each year. The measles virus spreads through the air by sneezing, coughing or breathing and it is so contagious it is likely that any child exposed to it without immunity will get the disease.