Cholera cases continue to rise in Sierra Leone

More than 4,000 cases of cholera have been confirmed in Sierra Leone as of Monday by the country's Ministry of Health and Sanitation.

Amara Jambai, the director of Disease Prevention and Control for the ministry, said that 600 of the cases have been reported in Freetown alone. The ministry is working on ways to halt the outbreak and has increased the amount of treatment centers throughout the West African nation, Awareness Times reports.

In Freetown, treatment centers have been established in multiple hospitals, including 34 Military Hospital, Satellite Hospital, Lumley Government Hospital and Connaught, along with other key clinics and health centers going up throughout the city.

Ministry personnel are also holding meetings with communities that are prone to outbreak such as Jalloh Terrace and Kuntoloh in Freetown.

Jambai suggests that members of the public wash their hands properly with clean water and soap before touching any food and make sure their environments are kept clean and free of waste, according to Awareness Times.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, cholera is a diarrheal disease caused by infection with the Vibrio cholerae bacterium. The bacterium is found in water or food sources that have been contaminated by feces from an infected person. There are three to five million cases of the disease worldwide every year with more than 100,000 deaths annually.