Measles rates declined between 2000 and 2008

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 164,000 children died worldwide from measles in 2008, down from 733,000 in 2000.
The report was published in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report and said that approximately 77 percent of the deaths in 2008 occurred in Southeast Asia, with most of them occurring in India, UPI reports.
"Reduction in measles deaths in India is essential to achieve the global goal of 95 percent reduction in measles deaths by 2015 compared to the number of deaths in 2000," the report said, according to UPI. "Providing two doses of measles vaccine to all children is an important step to reduce measles deaths and until recently India was the only country to provide only one dose of measles vaccine. In 2010, the government of India took a significant step forward in reducing measles deaths by initiating introduction of second dose of measles vaccine."
Introduction of a second dose of measles vaccine is being implemented in phases across the Indian states. Health officials said that if the union and state governments of India completely implement strategies to reduce measles deaths, the number of deaths could be significantly reduced in the country.
According to the CDC, measles is a respiratory viral disease that infects the cells that line the back of the throat and lungs. It is very contagious and causes fever, cough, runny nose and a rash all over the body.